SME Times News Bureau | 19 Jan, 2019
Industry body FICCI has suggested to
Ministry of Textiles the need for a housing scheme in cities for garment
workers, especially women.
The need for such a scheme arises from
the growing difficulties faced by women garment workers due to lack of safe and
conveniently located accommodation in cities, FICCI said in a press statement.
According to FICCI, it was important to have such a scheme for
women workers in and around cities to arrest and increase the declining female
workforce ratio in the country.
As availability of land is a major issue
in the cities, FICCI suggested that in case industry has suitable land, it
could offered by the government by giving higher FAR (Floor Area Ratio) for
worker housing/hostel purposes.
If industry does not have a suitable
land, the local administration could be involved in the project and may be
requested to offer suitable land or gam panchayat land within the vicinity of
10 kms of the metro periphery, it said.
Such land may be free of cost or with a
nominal lease for the industry. Alternatively, suitable hostel with 500 to
1,000 beds may be constructed with the help of the PWD Department and after
construction, it could be handed over to Industry body/NGO for running it on a
Female employment in the garment
industry is the highest in India compared to other sectors and it stands
at 70 per cent of total workforce. One of the main difficulties
faced by such women is lack of safe and conveniently located
India's female participation in the
workforce was 37 per cent a decade ago which has now come down to 27 per cent.
The textile and apparel industry is the
only sector which can give formal employment after giving training of two
months. It does not require higher qualification for getting enrolled for
training. Even illiterate and semi-literate can be absorbed after short
The garment sector poses certain issues
which need to be addressed to arrest any further decline in women participation
rate in workforce.
The issues centre around two factors,
namely migration and attrition. Mostly workers migrate from one state to
another in search of employment and particularly where there is concentration
of textile and apparel units.
Such centres are visible in and around
metros located in NCR, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu, etc. Creation of such
facilities in and around these centres and the upcoming centres will go a long
way in building and sustaining confidence of workforce, particularly migrant
female workers, who are reluctant to migrate to faraway places, said FICCI.