SME Times News Bureau | 17 Aug, 2019
The ninth round of the FICCI-IBA survey
was carried out for the period January to June 2019. A total of 23 banks including
public sector, private sector, foreign and small finance banks participated in
These banks together represent over 67%
of the banking industry, as classified by asset size.
With the formation of new government at
the Centre, Bankers were asked to identify some of the key priorities that
government should focus on to address the major challenges being faced by the
A large number of participating bankers
have mentioned that addressing agriculture distress should be the top priority
for the government. This
would require undertaking reforms in the sector and strengthening the
agricultural value chain.
For the financial sectors, participating bankers were of the
opinion that there should be capital infusion in public sector banks
and measures should be taken to address the stress in the NBFC sector.
These responses were received just
before the release of the Union Budget 2019-20 and in-fact, the Union Budget
did lay a special emphasis on the banking and financial sector, including
capital infusion of Rs. 70,000 crore into public sector banks and the proposal
to provide one time six months' partial credit guarantee to Public Sector Banks
for first loss of up to 10% for purchase of high-rated pooled assets of
financially sound NBFCs.
These measures should help in addressing
the liquidity constraint and ensure greater lending to support growth.
The current round of the Bankers' survey
too presented an improved picture of the changing trend in NPAs. As per the current round of
survey, the proportion of respondent banks citing a reduction in NPAs stood at
52% as against 43% in the previous round.
Amongst the public sector banks, about
55% of reporting Public sector banks have cited a reduction in NPA levels.
Amongst the key sectors with high level of NPAs, many respondent bankers have
indicated a reduction in NPAs in those sectors.
Amongst the respondents stating infrastructure
as high NPA sector, about 63% have reported a decline in NPA in this sector
during the last six months. Likewise, 57% of respondents citing Engineering
goods as high NPA sector have mentioned a reduction in NPA levels in this
sector, and about 92% of those indicating metals/ iron & steel as high NPA
sector have indicated a decline in NPAs in that sector over the last six
From February to June 2019, RBI has done
three consecutive repo rate cuts of 25 bps each. As per the survey, 48% of the
responding banks reduced the MCLR by up to 20 bps during the last six months.
In case of term deposits above one year,
39% of the responding banks have decreased interest rates by up to 50 bps while
30% have not changed the rates. For term deposits below one year, majority
respondents (57%) have not changed the interest rates, while 22% have reduced
it by up to 50 bps.
While a large majority of respondent
banks (70%) reported a rise in share of CASA deposits in the first half of
2019, this is lower as compared to 78% of respondents received in the last
round of the survey.
In terms of the composition of loans and
advances, there has not been any change observed in the current round as
compared to the previous round of the survey. The share of retail loans has
been 45% while that of corporate loans has been 55% as was the case in the
Some of the key sectors that are
expected to see higher credit in the next six months as identified by
participating bankers are Infrastructure, Metals, Real estate, Auto & auto
components, Pharmaceuticals and Food processing.