D.C. Pathak | 29 Jan, 2024
The extensive ceremony of the inauguration of the Ram Temple at
Ayodhya on January 22, with Prime Minister Narendra Modi as the
principal invitee performing all the religious duties pertaining to the
installation of the deity of Ram Lalla, has proved to be a national
event that electrified the belief system of Hindus across India -
including those who were living abroad. This happened in a manner not
seen in this country’s history before.
The Prime Minister was at
Ayodhya both as a Hindu and as the chief of the political executive
governing the nation and this established, in the Indian context, the
principle that holding a high political office did not mean that a
leader should shy away from his or her religious commitments.
means that India granted complete freedom of worship and did not put a
denominational stamp on the national or state government - it also at
the same time, did not deny people in power their right to publicly own
Apart from the basic democratic concept of 'one man
one vote' - that was in play regardless of caste, creed or gender - the
only other secular requirement of governance would be that policy should
not discriminate between sections of the citizenry.
of Prime Minister Modi was free of any suggestion of religious
‘exclusivism’ and it effectively countered the narrative of
‘majoritarianism’ and allegation of any other form of bias and largely
focused on the importance of socio-cultural unity as a powerful
instrument of national advancement.
The extraordinary turnout of
people associating with the ceremony was no doubt driven by the
historicity of the event - but they also had a clear perception that it
is precisely the Hindu faith that alone had remained unacknowledged even
The fact that the temple construction was
started only after the Supreme Court gave its judgement in its favour
through a constitutional Bench - this was highlighted by the Prime
Minister - freed the event of any communal projections. If the
inauguration of Ram Temple at Ayodhya enhances the political status of
Prime Minister Modi in the eyes of the people, nobody can grudge it -
the voter it should be remembered is an astute judge of the merit of the
In his scintillating address on the occasion, Prime
Minister Modi declared that Lord Ram was the ‘spirit of the
Constitution’ and Ram Temple a ‘symbol of national consciousness’ that
liberated the people from ‘slavery’ and a ‘colonial mindset’. This
latter was a reference to the historical subjugation of the Hindu
religion as also to the British game of dividing India into communities
and creating a minority-majority issue in politics.
the place of glory that Hinduism enjoyed in India’s nationalism by
affirming that "Ram is the faith of India, the foundation of India and
the idea of India" and went on to add that "Ram was also the law of
India, the leader of India as well as the policy of India".
He put a stamp of eternity on it by saying that Ram was not only the present but also the future of India.
speech was remarkable for steering clear of any sectarian overtones and
for emphasising how the story of Ram established that differences
between ‘high’ and ‘low’ did not exist for him.
Modi emphasised that "there should be humility in victory", that Ram was
"a solution, not a problem" and recalling how the opponents of Ayodhya
temple warned of catastrophic consequences, asserted that "Ram was not a
source of fire but of energy".
Many leaders in India have misled
the minorities into believing that giving respect to the religion of the
majority amounted to encouraging ‘majoritarianism’ - they knew only too
well that the Constitution would not permit any political moves in that
direction. They in fact injected religion into politics by demanding "a
share in governance on the basis of community identity".
as the minorities had religio-cultural freedom and the same political
rights and economic opportunities that others had, they should have no
problem about being a part of the political umbrella that the nation
provides through the universal adult franchise. If because of numbers
the majority sends more members to Assemblies and Parliament it does not
violate the intrinsic strand of secularism that runs through a
democratic state like India.
It is time the Hindu majority of
India was consciously involved in building nationalism which is a
sentiment to be shared by all communities here.
in India was pushed to a point where ‘nationalism’ was considered a
‘diminishing’ concept if not a politically ‘abusive’ word - all in the
name of ‘sensitivity’ of the minorities - and there was even an
endorsement of the suggestion that saluting the national flag or
standing during the singing of national anthem should be made optional.
no doubt had to suffer the unfortunate partition on communal lines in
the process of achieving freedom - that was bound to produce a spill
over - but many minority leaders of India continued to base their
politics on the Hindu-Muslim divide which came in the way of national
advancement and reconstruction.
A sense of belonging to the
cultural heritage of the nation and adherence to the human value system
shared by all Indians, should not be impeded by politics and it goes to
the credit of Prime Minister Modi that he has been able to legitimise
the concept of ‘Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam’ within India and at the global
level as well.
The Prime Minister has taken this idea from the
esoteric to the level of practicality in the international arena at a
time when the world was marked by divisions, stealth attacks and
disregard for human values and it is no surprise that he has emerged as a
global leader whose influence mattered on the issues of war and peace.
Prime Minister succeeded in turning the inauguration of Ram Temple into a
starting point for a new nation-building effort, in this light.
The civilisational content of a nation today is a factor of newfound importance working for its strength.
a composite scenario marked by a multi-religious and multi-lingual
setting, people need to have a deeper sense of unity on the strength of a
shared value system, the historical sense of ups and downs and an idea
of friendship and adversaries in the present. ‘Religion’ defines the
relationship of an individual with his or her God and presumably makes a
positive contribution to ‘culture’ that determines how the individual
would treat others in society.
A collectively acceptable code of
ethics can run through the nation provided notions of ‘supremacism’ were
not flaunted by the followers of any faith - the assimilative character
of Hinduism stood out in this context, for its adherence to the idea
that "God was one but the paths to reaching Him could be many". Prime
Minister Modi’s advocacy of this approach in his Ayodhya address
befitted the occasion and was timely as well.
India should set an
example of how nationalism strengthens democracy and vice versa. We
should take notice of how China under President Xi Jinping has evolved a
new doctrine of ‘Marxism with Chinese characteristics’ which has been
acknowledged as ‘Xi’s Thought’ in the CPC constitution - like the Mao’s
Thought was in the party ‘s history - but also how he has called for
realisation of the ‘civilisational strength’ of China for national
India can more than match China on the point of
civilisational history in terms of its vintage and richness on all
fronts and it is a matter of great satisfaction that Prime Minister Modi
in his address at Ayodhya brought out in adequate measure, the
civilisational gift that India was able to offer to the entire world.
going through the rigorous practices prescribed for his duty as the
principal invitee at the religious ceremony at Ayodhya, Prime Minister
Modi was conducting himself as a pious Hindu in his own personal right
but it is in his public address that he stood out as the leader of a
diverse nation, a torch bearer of nationalism and as a Prime Minister
who was totally dedicated to carrying India forward towards prosperity
He talked of the demographic dividend of India accruing
from the population of the young, exhorted people to have optimism and
expressed his confidence that the installation of Ram Temple was a
transformative moment that marked the advancement of a united India ‘for
a thousand years ahead’. He mandated all Indians to follow the mission
of ‘Ram to Rashtra’.
The temple has already showcased Indian
talent in the fields of sculpture & arts, mobilisation of internally
available material resources, technological progress, management
techniques and the country’s acumen for national discipline.
a good illustration of technological and spiritual advancement going
together was in a website put out on the following day showing with the
application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) how the newly installed Ram
Lalla was turning his eyes, changing his smile and even moving his head
like a child.
It is a sign of the quality of leadership Prime
Minister Modi has provided in all walks of national life - political,
cultural and economic, not to forget national security and governance as
such - that the Ayodhya event emerged as a national milestone in
fostering unity and a sense of purpose among all Indians who were
prepared to rise above domestic differences to look upon India as a
great civilisational whole serving the cause of human development and
global economic advancement.
(The writer is a former Director of the Intelligence Bureau. Views are personal)