IANS | 08 Jan, 2024
It is a mark of the present Union Home Minister's farsightedness and
dedicated leadership that in his direct guidance a three-fold strategy
of strengthening the internal security of the country has already
produced good results.
In a nutshell, this can be described as
combining development with security in dealing with Maoists, taking the
zero tolerance approach to terrorism beyond ‘policy’ to the turf of
‘action’ and integrating internal security with border security and law
& order management to ensure total handling of the task of securing
With his hands-on approach, Amit Shah has lent speed
to the efforts initiated in multiple spheres towards this objective and
pursued them on an untiring note. This was reflected in his prompt visit
to Sukma in Chhattisgarh in April 2021 to make an in-depth examination
of the circumstances in which CPI (Maoist) had ambushed security forces
led by CRPF on Sukma-Bijapur road and caused the death of 22 personnel,
his address at the All India Police Science Congress at Dehradun in
October this year, and the follow up directed by him on Police
Technology Mission earlier announced by Prime Minister Modi at the DGPs
Conference held at Lucknow in 2021.
The crucial details of this strategy need to be highlighted to get a proper understanding of what all was being done.
Home Minister has formulated a comprehensive strategy for tackling Left
Wing extremism. While putting down the violence with all the might at
the government’s command, modernising police forces, providing them with
helicopters and UAVs for surveillance and upgrading some 250 police
stations in the Maoist-affected regions, had been given priority.
Centre has funded the development of road infrastructure, opened post
offices, bank branches and ATMs and tried to enhance the financial
inclusion of people there. To improve connectivity, mobile towers have
been installed in 34 districts affected by the Maoist problem.
of Home Affairs has created a separate Left Wing Extremism Division to
monitor the implementation of the new policy framework evolved by the
present regime to deal with the problem.
Tribal communities and
Economically Backward groups were being exploited and even threatened by
the Maoists to sustain the Protracted People’s War against the Indian
The extremists take to targeting schools, health centres,
railways, roads, and bridges to thwart the development schemes of the
The Home Minister has highlighted the need for CRPF
and other security forces to adopt a people-friendly behaviour, handle
welfare schemes for the locals and keep avenues for talks open wherever
possible taking the help of civil society groups if available.
is the multi-prong responses combining counter-insurgency operations and
development work, that have enabled the government to drastically curb
the violence of Maoists and wean the population from the ideological
influence of CPI (Maoist) in the Dandakaranya hinterland of the country.
Ministry of Home Affairs has been working on a ‘National Policy and
Action Plan’ since 2015 to deal with Left Wing Extremism through a
collaborative approach between the Centre and the states and there is no
doubt that the leadership of the Union Home Minister has made all the
Addressing the Anti-Terrorism Conference organised by
the National Investigation Agency (NIA) in October last, Shah
perceptibly underscored the importance of dismantling not just terrorism
but the entire ‘terrorist ecosystem’ involving cryptocurrency, hawala,
terror funding, organised crime and narco-terrorism.
He lauded the
compilation of data regarding terrorism in the last few years and
emphasised that the fight against terrorism would require collaboration
from global to local levels including various states.
upon the NIA and the IB to standardise training programmes for all
Central and state counter-terrorism agencies to ensure uniformity in
The Centre’s initiative in building data
finds reflection in the success of the National Automated Fingerprint
Identification System in bringing over 90 lakh fingerprints on record.
the occasion of Police Commemoration Day on October 21, the Home
Minister said that while maintaining a zero-tolerance policy against
terrorism, the government had framed strong laws to curb its spread.
the context of the modernisation of Police forces, he gave out that a
Police Technology Mission had been established with the aim of creating
the "world’s best anti-terror force".
The focused attention given
to the task of countering terrorist activities in the country, under the
direction of Shah, has already resulted in a nearly 65 per cent decline
in incidents of terrorism, insurgency and Maoist violence.
what should be considered a move of great strategic importance in the
area of national security, the Home Minister told the 49th All India
Police Science Congress at Dehradun in October last year that internal
security, border security and good law & order management were the
integral components of the system that made the country secure.
The Ministry of Home Affairs has taken several measures to improve law & order throughout the country.
Home Minister has made a significant observation that "as we move
towards becoming a robust economic power our police and security
agencies must assume a more substantial role in safeguarding our
economic institutions". This is an astute understanding of the reality
that 'national security was inseparable from economic security' and that
in the era of ‘proxy wars’ the adversary could take to attacking
economic targets to weaken the opponent.
The Prime Minister, who
interacted recently with Army, BRO and ITBP personnel in the border
region of Uttarakhand, said that India attached top priority to the
development of border regions through infrastructure creation and
provision of services there to establish an ‘environment of
fearlessness’ as a defining feature of ‘new India’. This is an extremely
farsighted strategy of making the people living in the border belt feel
like they were on the frontline of a strong nation and freeing them of
any sense of vulnerability borne out of ‘remoteness’.
period ahead, India will continue facing the threat of ‘radicalisation’
emanating from the Pak-Afghan region because of the reinstallation of
the Taliban Emirate at Kabul in 2021, a deepening Sino-Pak axis
determined to step up cross-border terrorism in J&K and instigating
revival of militancy in Punjab, and cyber attacks designed to damage the
economic lifelines of the country.
Deeper cooperation among
Intelligence agencies and a system of coordinated response to a threat
cutting across the various wings of the government are needed even more
and this all is being ensured by an extremely competent National
Security Advisor available to both the Prime Minister as well as the
The geopolitical situation is somewhat unstable
because of the military conflicts in Eastern Europe and West Asia, signs
of a new Cold War appearing on the horizon involving the US and China
and economic rivalries driving the global scene. India has done well to
pursue the strategy of becoming self-sufficient in economic, military
and security spheres, adopting a proactive stance on issues of war and
peace and opting for bilateral and multilateral relationships that were
mutually beneficial without prejudicing the cause of world peace and
global economic advancement.
In the age of proxy wars, external
threats to internal security have multiplied and it is a matter of great
satisfaction that the Home Minister has taken the task of safeguarding
internal security directly in his hands and made sure that all concerned
handled their responsibilities with full application and determination.