NewsVoir | 28 Oct, 2017
âIt is easier and cost-effective to bring in healthy behaviors early, rather than changing adolescents at a later stage and spending more on healthcare costs," Mr. Manoj Jhalani, Additional Secretary and Mission Director, National Health Mission (NHM) said.
Speaking at a Plenary Session on the first day of the 11th World Congress on Adolescent Health on âInvesting in Adolescent Healthâthe Future is Now,ââ Mr. Jhalani said from the one-day orientation programme for teachers at district levels under the 8th Five-Year-Plan in 1992-1997, to the ambitious Rashtriya Kishore Swasthya Karyakram (RKSK) which is being implemented currently, India has achieved many milestones in adolescent health.
Mr. Jhalani said. âThe RKSK was launched in 2014 to address the health and development needs of the adolescents in India."
âRKSK is based on continuum of care for adolescent health and development needs through the three-tier public health system with a multi-component intervention targeting both determinants of health problems and their consequences. The programme adopts a facility-based approach, school-based approach and community-based approach for expected outcomes by including immunization and ironâfolic acid tablets programmes to improve health and deal with anemia" Mr. Jhalani said.
India now has more than 7,000 Adolescent Friendly Health Clinics with a case load of 73 people each month, 11.2 crore children have been administered Weekly Iron-Folic Acids tablets and 22205 Health Days held so far. The Menstrual Hygiene Scheme has been launched across the districts.
Home to 253 million adolescents at present, India is expected to have 297 million adolescents by 2050.
However, nutritional deficiencies and injuries, including self-harm are emerging as major challenges, as are mental and substance abuse.
While there has been a 50% decline in early marriages and teenage pregnancies, more than 26% girls are still married before 18-years of age and teenage pregnancy continues to be 7.9% with a high unmet need for contraception among married adolescents. One-third of young women experience physical/emotional/social violence and 20% experience mental health problems. Over 12% tobacco users in the country are in the age group 15-24 years and one-fourth in this age group use alcohol.
Pointing out that investing in adolescent health would pay dividends, Dr. Sunil Mehra, Executive Director, MAMTA Health Institute for Mother and Child, said, âThere is a need to enhance core competencies in health care functionaries to deliver on adolescent health (both in clinical and public health) in addition to increased financial and human resource allocation to adolescent health."
âWe need age (and sex) disaggregated data and rigorous and transparent evaluations of our adolescent programmes. It is important to intervene early and continue with age-specific programming and importantly time to question ourselves that are we reaching high risk adolescents through our existing programming,â Dr. Mehra said.
A panel discussion on ``The Missing Link: Fostering Resilience in Adolescent Girls for Improved Health, Education, and Gender Equityââ was organized by Corstone, which was about a unique evidence-based intervention for young adolescents.
The Third report of the Lancet Commission on Child & Adolescent Health was also released at the Congress.
Link to the report: www.thelancet.com/child-adolescent.
About the IAAH 11th World Congress on Adolescent Health
The biggest global event in adolescent health â The World Congress on Adolescent Health â has come to India. Held only once every 4 years, the International Association for Adolescent Healthâs 11th World Congress on Adolescent Health, âInvesting in Adolescent Health â the Future is Nowâ is being held in New Delhi, India from 27-29 October 2017. The world is home to 1.2 billion adolescents, and India has the largest population of adolescents in the world â 253 million. This demographic dividend makes India a potent host for a global conference on this theme.
The World Congress is hosting hundreds of international and national delegates including adolescent health experts from across the globe, academia, representatives from MoHFW - Government of India, national and global representatives of UN organizations, youth leaders from several countries including India who have made a difference in their communities, national and international NGOs, donor organizations, policy makers and corporates.